Other Names: Auxerrois blanc, Auxerrois blanc von Laquenexy
An old variety, mother and father unknown.
Country of origin: France, thought to have originated in Lorraine, rather than near Auxerre in the Yonne.
Recent DNA fingerprinting suggests that it is a cross between Gouais blanc and Pinot noir, the same ancestry as Chardonnay.
Area planted in France: In 2012: 1950 hectares, mostly in Alsace (it is an important component of Crémant d'Alsace) with some in the Côtes de Toul of Lorraine.
It is mostly blended into wines labelled 'Pinot blanc' (which may actually consist of Auxerrois blanc, Pinot blanc, Pinot gris and Pinot noir vinified white).
Area planted in Germany: 218 hectares in 2012, mainly in Rhineland-Palatinate (135 hectares) and Baden (71 hectares).
Year of entry into the German Federal Office's Varieties Register: 2015
Breeder/License holder: Forschungsanstalt Geisenheim / Rheingau, Institut für Rebenzüchtung und Rebenveredlung
Number of clones: Geisenheim clones Gm 5, Gm 8, Gm 14, Gm 18, Gm 20, Gm 21; 6 hectares in 2015; also D64,
and Pauly 60 (Luxembourg)
and French clones 56 etc.
Area planted in Luxembourg: it is an important variety.
Area planted in England: Only a few vineyards in the United Kingdom grow Auxerrois, notably Davenport Vineyards, Danebury Vineyard and a'Becketts Vineyard.
it is used to produce still and sparkling wines, often blended with other varieties.
Wine Character - colour: yellow-green
- bouquet: fine, delicate
- palate: fresh, neutral, with good body
Clones: Gm 5:
Gm 18: Gm 20: Gm 21:
Time of bud-burst: middle
Strength of growth: medium (to strong)
Growth of side-shoots: medium to strong
Flowering time: middle
Flowering strength: medium-high
Leaf: - size: medium
- shape: weakly three-lobed
- surface undulation: - petiolar sinus: half-open to open
Grape bunch: - size: medium - density: medium-loose
Berries: - size: medium - shape:
- skin colour: yellow-green
Time of veraison: middle-late
Time of harvest: shortly after mid-season
Grape yield: low-medium
Wood ripening: high
Winter hardiness: medium
Wood colour: yellow-brown to dark brown
Susceptibility to - Oidium: low to meddium - Peronospora: low to medium
- Botrytis: medium - Roter Brenner:
- Phomopsis: - Stem-atrophy:
Suitable rootstocks: SO4 is recommended.
Normal stem height:
Normal row spacing:
Vine spacing in the row:
Advantages: fresh, neutral 'Pinot' style wines with fine delicate bouquet.
Disadvantages: lowish yield.