Winegrowers Supplies -  Vine variety information

Remaily Seedless

Mother: Lady Patricia (Seibel 14665 x Setve Villard 20 365)
Father: NY 33979 (Ontario x Russian Seedless)

Year of breeding: 1965 (originally known as NY 65.085.1), released in 1976.
Country of origin: USA: New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY 14456.

Since the late 19th century when grape breeding began at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, a major goal has been to combine certain fruit attributes such as seedlessness, crisp texture, and adherent skin of Vitis vinifera L. table grapes with some of the vegetative characters such as disease resistance and cold hardiness of native American hybrid (V. labruscana) grape cultivars. Crisp texture has been one of the more elusive.

Of the table grape cultivars released by 'Geneva', only one seeded cultivar (Alden) combines an adherent skin and crisp texture. Remaily Seedless combines seedlessness (stenospermocarpy), an adherent skin and crisp berry texture, with adaptive traits favourable to north-eastern North American viticulture.

Vines of Remaily Seedless are vigorous. Own-rooted vines which have been flower cluster thinned to prevent overcropping, and grown in phylloxera infested soils, have maintained annual pruning weights in excess of 1.8 kg. There is, therefore, no need to graft Remaily Seedless to a phylloxera-resistant rootstock. The vines are moderately winter cold hardy at Geneva, New York. In winters where the minimum temperature has not fallen below -25 C there has been negligible bud injury. Winters with temperatures of -27 C or below have caused up to 50% bud injury. The wood of Remaily Seedless appears to be quite winter hardy at Geneva, although the trunk of one vine was damaged following a winter minimum of -28 C. The vines are less resistant to powdery mildew and downy mildew than is Concord. Extra sprays to control these diseases may be required.

The berries are oval and light-green in colour, turning to gold at full maturity. They are of medium size (about 2 gm) with small scarcely noticeable vestigial seeds. The skin is adherent, slightly tough, and resistant to cracking. The flavour is neutral and not noticeably labrusca in character. The clusters are large (about 250 gm), tapered and attractive. The fruit ripens with Concord; about October 10 at Geneva. The fruit responds very well to gibberellin sprays but gibberellin treatment should be combined with cluster thinning to avoid overcropping.

In storage tests using in-package sulfur dioxide generators, the grapes were rated acceptable for Thanksgiving trade but unacceptable for Christmas trade.